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Urban Māori responses to changes in state housing provision.

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Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 14, 114-129

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This report focuses on the effects of the 1992 Housing Restructuring Act.

The Act marked a significant shift from state-provided, income-related rent housing to market rent with income supplements. The authors discusses the controversy surrounding these reforms and their implications for low-income households, particularly Māori. It includes two primary research studies conducted for Te Puni Kōkiri, focusing on urban Māori households in Wellington and their experiences with state housing reforms. The research combines survey data and focus group discussions to explore issues of affordability, overcrowding, and housing choices, revealing significant financial constraints and limited housing options for urban Māori families. The research aimed to understand the experiences of urban Māori state-tenant and ex-state-tenant households under current policies, finding that while state housing was initially viewed as affordable and accessible, many no longer see it as such, with a significant portion of these households spending over 40% of their income on rent. High housing costs have led to widespread financial struggles, overcrowding, and deferred medical care. The research raises concerns about affordability, overcrowding, and limited housing options for Māori in Wellington, suggesting similar issues may exist in other regions and among different cultural groups. The document highlights the need for policies that address these challenges and support the housing needs of urban Māori communities.

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