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Ngā hua papakāinga: Habitation design principles.

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MAI Review, 2(2), 1-13

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This paper addresses the growing desire among Māori to be more active in developing sustainable habitation (papakāinga) within urban environments.

To understand contemporary papakāinga therefore we should have some in-depth understanding of the role of modern urban design because, as the authors explain, this is the practice and process of shaping physical environments in which modern societies and people can live. This paper uses a case study approach and a literature review to identify nine key design principles for Māori sustainable development. These are whānaungatanga, kotahitanga, wairuatanga, mauritanga, orangatanga, manaakitanga, kaitiakitanga, rangatiratanga, and mātauranga. A case study examining Ngāti Whātua o Ōrakei is provided, where design principles are applied. It is concluded that Māori need not accept the current trends and styles of urban design. Through improved articulation and incorporation of Māori values, concepts and design principles, Māori can change their living environments.

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