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Ethnic density and area deprivation: Neighbourhood effects on Māori health and racial discrimination in Aotearoa/New Zealand.

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Social Science & Medicine, 88, 76-82

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This study explores the 'ethnic density effect' among the Māori population in New Zealand, utilising data from the 2006/07 New Zealand Health Survey.

It hypothesises that areas with higher Māori ethnic density correlate with better health outcomes and fewer experiences of racial discrimination. Initial results showed no direct association between Māori ethnic density and health measures. However, after adjusting for area deprivation, the study reveals that increased Māori ethnic density is significantly linked to improved health outcomes and decreased racial discrimination. These findings imply that the protective effects of ethnic density on health and racial experiences are obscured by the negative impacts of area deprivation. The study emphasises the need for policies that address both the consequences of area deprivation and the elimination of racism to improve health outcomes and reduce inequalities among the Māori population. This research is important as it offers insights into the complex interplay of socioeconomic, historical, and cultural factors affecting the health of indigenous populations, specifically the Māori in New Zealand. The cross-sectional nature of the study and reliance on self-report measures are noted limitations. This study is particularly relevant for policymakers and researchers in public health and indigenous health, highlighting the impact of residential environments on health outcomes and racial discrimination experiences within indigenous communities.

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