The Kāinga Tahi, Kāinga Rua Strategic Research Area recognises the dual and complex nature of Māori identities and the many communities we build our lives in. Simply all Māori by whakapapa originate from a specific place, rohe, marae, kāinga but are more likely now to live at their Kāinga Rua in a city. Many Māori may consider their Kāinga Tahi being the city now and their Kāinga Rua their marae.

The research area will deliver solutions for how we collaboratively finance, design, and build developments, with buy-in from multiple stakeholders, to overcome discriminatory policy and legislative barriers, to actively support Māori aspirations for long-term, affordable, and healthy housing that meets the needs of their communities. We also focus on Māori wellbeing and housing for those whānau who are homeless.

Under the Kāinga Tahi, Kāinga Rua strategic research area, there are five projects for Phase 2 of the Challenge:

  • UIKI – Urban intergenerational Kāinga Innovations
  • Kaumātua and intergenerational housing needs
  • Growing Papakāinga into the Future
  • Huaki – Uncovering the numbers to Empower Māori
  • Poipoia Te Kākano Kia Puāwai


Project 1: UIKI – Urban intergenerational Kāinga Innovations

The overall aim of the UIKI research programme is to investigate the potential of kāinga innovations to support intergenerational Māori housing aspirations and the diverse needs of whānau, hapū, iwi, and marae in Tāmaki Makaurau. Through a series of four kaupapa Māori projects, UIKI will contribute new pathways to support Māori housing outcomes.

Contact: Co-Principal Investigators

Prof Jenny Lee-Morgan, NWTM, UNITEC, Auckland, email:
Rau Hoskins, Lecturer, UNITEC, Auckland, email:
Jacqueline Paul, Lecturer, NWTM, UNITEC, Auckland, email:
Irene Kereama-Royal, Research Partner, NMTM, UNITEC, Auckland, email:
Rihi Te Nana, Research Fellow, NWTM, UNITEC, Auckland; email:

Project 2: He Kāinga Pai Rawa – Kaumātua and intergenerational housing needs

The overall goal of this programme is to create a transferable model/toolkit of kaumātua/intergenerational housing as part of a thriving community. There are three specific aims:

Specific Aim 1: To support two different communities to each build a kaumātua/intergenerational village.

Specific Aim 2: To demonstrate the effectiveness of the toolkit for co-creating and building culture-centred, kaumātua housing communities as well as to further develop the toolkit for other Māori organisations and communities to build safe, secure and sustainable kaumātua/intergenerational housing.

Specific Aim 3: To have positive effects on hauora, mana motuhake and sustainability through the villages.

Contact: Co-Principal Investigators

Dr Sophie Nock, Pukenga Matua, Waikato University, email:
John Oetzel, email:

Project 3: Growing Papakāinga into the Future

The purpose of Papakāinga Papatupu is to provide innovative ideas and solutions to accelerate the growth of papakāinga that provide affordable housing and foster Māori wellbeing throughout Aotearoa. Through science-to-action kaupapa Māori research involving two case studies of papakāinga and other data sources, this project investigates transferable success factors for scalable papakāinga development. The project will produce practical approaches and community resources for Māori collectives setting up papakāinga and already established papakāinga seeking to grow. The resources will focus on priority areas for effective papakāinga growth which may include: building management and governance capacity; design and planning; management of conflict resolution, expectations, behaviours and relationships within papakāinga; and language planning. Community hui, quick tip summary sheets for websites, publications and other materials will support knowledge translation.

Contact: Co-Principal Investigators

Willie Edwards, email:
Mihi Ratima, email:

Project 4: Huaki – Uncovering the numbers to empower Maori

This research programme will undertake an analysis to examine long-term trends of Māori access to quality housing, to determine the policies, regulatory frameworks, and broad urban design concepts that support, or inhibit Māori access, and ascertain the consequent socioeconomic and cultural impacts. This project has five workstreams.

Contact: Principal Investigator

Dr John Reid, Senior Research Fellow, Ngai Tahu Research Centre, email:

Project 5: Poipoia Te Kākano Kia Puāwai

The objective of the ‘Poipoia te kākano, kia puāwai’ KTKR research programme is to enable mātauranga Māori about housing solutions that work for Māori to blossom by nurturing research that is by, with, and for whānau, hapū, iwi, and Māori communities.

Contact: Co-Principal Investigators

Dr Fiona Cram, Director, Katoa Ltd, email:
Dr Tepora Emery, Toi Ohomai, email:


Project 1: Te Manaaki o te Marae: The role of marae in the Tāmaki Māori housing crisis

In the winter of 2016, Te Puea Memorial Marae initiated a marae-based kaupapa Māori response, opening their doors to vulnerable whānau seeking emergency housing. In the legacy of Te Puea Herangi, the marae answered the call of homeless whānau in Tāmaki, and in doing so completely disrupted the Auckland housing narrative by making visible and naming the ‘crisis’. More than this, Te Puea Memorial Marae demonstrated that marae can be an integral part of urban housing solutions.

The overarching research question is: How can marae be strengthened to manaaki tāngata and assist in addressing whānau aspirations and needs for long-term, affordable, and healthy housing? While the focus of this research project is the role of marae in providing emergency housing, this is only one dimension of te manaaki o te marae. The broader research context concerns marae-led housing interventions premised on the ability of marae to extend their cultural reach into communities. The transformational potential of marae for Māori is heightened as the Auckland housing crisis continues to escalate, and the number of Māori living in the region is expected to grow. Marae have always been the epicentres of our whānau, hapū, iwi, and communities. This research will strengthen marae (mana whenua, taura here, and mataawaka) to engage in the housing crisis for urban Māori in culturally-consistent and sustainable ways.

Contact: Co-Principal Investigators

Rau Hoskins, Unitec, email:
Prof Jenny Lee-Morgan, University of Waikato, email:

The Manaaki Tāngata Programme Kaimahi.


Read More

Project 2: Toitū te Kāinga, Toitū te Ora, Toitū te Tangata

The Toitū te Kāinga, Toitū te Ora, Toitū te Tangata (Sustainable Homes, Healthy People) is a collaborative science challenge partnership between Toi Ohomai Institute of Technology, Unitec Institute of Technology, Scion, and Auckland offsite design and manufacturing company Tall Wood. Led by Toi Ohomai, and launched In November 2017, the research is designed to help realise the aspirations of Te Matekuare Whānau Trust who are establishing a unique papakāinga development at Te Whaiti. Using both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies, the research team aims to support Te Matekuare Whānau Trust to realise their vision of having affordable, sustainable, and healthy homes (and whānau) living on their self-sustaining papakāinga (whenua).

Te Whaiti papakāinga development is a case study around which a broad programme of research, that explores multiple themes, is wrapped. Using a holistic approach, experts in design, construction, public health, architecture, and sustainability are aiming to enliven Te Matekuare whānau aspirations. The case study is focused on benefits for Māori, and developing mātauranga Māori, in relation to affordable and healthy housing. However, the findings have potential to benefit people from all cultural origins who have an interest in community housing development.

Contact: Project Leader

Dr Tepora Emery, Toiohomai, e-mail:

An initial interior layout design by Tallwood. Research project partners Scion, Tallwood, and Toi Ohomai worked to develop base designs for eventual implementation as a papakāinga development for the Matekuare Trust at Tawhitiwhiti. Image: Tallwood.


Read More

Project 3: Kāinga Tahi, Kāinga Rua – Building Diverse Māori Housing Solutions

This project is made up of three distinct research strands or whenu – Papakāinga, Hauora and Whai Rawa. Within each whenu are discrete kaupapa Māori research projects, including a team of rangatahi researchers. All whenu are linked by the ahu of AKO which is a kaupapa Māori knowledge production and sharing platform. This overall project structure drives a highly visible and disruptive research contribution by sharing and connecting communities of interest with the new evidence and knowledge produced. Our research methods include: wānanga, hui; interviews, focus groups, literature reviews, scoping studies, case studies and small-scale surveys. A summary sheet on the project can be found here.

Contact: Project Leader

Dr Jessica Hutchings, Director Māori, BBHTC NSC.

Māori researchers at Kāinga Tahi, Kāinga Rua – Project Team Hui, June 2018, Te Herenga Waka, Wellington.



Read More