Housing Accords: Over-promising, Under-delivering in a time of housing crisis.
Housing Accords and Special Housing Areas were introduced in 2013 as a ‘laxative’ to local planning. They were to accelerate residential new builds. This study shows the Housing Accord in Rolleston over-promised and under-delivered. There is little evidence of accelerated builds. Price suppression was minor and limited. Numbers were small and less than promised. Assumptions underpinning Housing Accords of a chain between house prices, build costs, and public planning regimes are not sustained in Rolleston’s Special Housing Areas. Accelerated building as well as affordable housing requires purposeful action rather than generalised land release.
Maia Ratana - Home on wheels part of housing solutions for young Māori
Maia Ratana speaks to Julian Wilcox of Mapuna RNZ about her experience on building a tiny home on wheels as a way to provide a kainga for her whanau. She also talks about the realities that face rangatahi māori when it comes to the current housing market and how this can be a viable option for people looking for home security.
He Whare Mō Wai?
He Whare Mō Wai? is a by rangatahi, for rangatahi podcast and video series hosted by Jacqueline Paul, Maia Ratana, Hanna-Marie Monga and Pania Newton. He Whare Mō Wai? creates a space for rangatahi to share stories, advice, and aspirations for kāinga across Aotearoa and to inspire others who wish to pursue their housing dreams. In this series, we kōrero with rangatahi and experts about navigating home ownership, renting, finance, mortgages, homelessness, and more.
Kāinga Tahi, Kāinga Rua: Māori housing realities and aspirations - chapter summaries
The Kāinga Tahi, Kāinga Rua Kaupapa Māori Research Project draws on expertise from across the Māori housing sector. The project responds to the right and aspiration of Māori researchers, in collaboration with Māori organisations and communities, to develop Māori housing solutions. The outputs of the Kaupapa Māori Research Project include a book Kāinga Tahi, Kāinga Rua: Māori Housing Realities...
Transforming geographies: Performing Indigenous-Māori ontologies...(wellbeing compass)
This paper explores how spatial governance models oriented to the well-being of the more-than-human might better enable Indigenous peoples' capacity to live-well-with and care for our more-than-human whanaunga (kin). The paper considers how a culture of holistic ecological well-being might be spatially emplaced through well-being-led planning tools that ground these ontologies in neighbourhoods, cities. . .
Sharing or owning autonomous vehicles? Comprehending the role of ideology
Emerging mobility technologies, including connected shared platforms and automation, are disrupting urban transportation. There is an expectation that Shared Autonomous Vehicles (SAVs) will eventually replace ubiquitous private car ownership by offering efficient, flexible, and affordable on-demand mobility. However, the meaning of the car and its functions are not limited to facilitating mobility.
Building the foundations of collaboration: From housing development to community...
Collaborative governance and planning are an improvement on technocratic “top-down” approaches. They are however, often criticized for exacerbating power imbalances. Other criticisms include failing to be inclusive and impartial and ignoring historical conflict. In this paper, BBHTC researchers investigate how strong foundations for collaborative housing renewal can help community renewal. . .
Delineating functional labour market areas with estimable classification stabilities
This paper describes a method for delineating functional labour market areas (LMAs) in national commuting networks. Identifying functional, rather than administrative, LMAs is important for analysing spatial patterns of economic activity. Functional boundaries capture the geography of interactions among employers and employees, whereas administrative boundaries typically ignore such interactions...
Engaging communities in the design of homes and neighbourhoods in Aotearoa
This Counterfutures journal article by Dr Rebecca Kiddle says a successful engagement process empowers communities by acknowledging their mātauranga (place-based knowledge), and by taking the time to build strong relationships that can form the base of all future engagement. Specifically, there is a range of things agencies and those doing the engaging could do. These include: engaging with communities early...
Ecology of community: Socially-based tenure in urban papakāinga and cohousing
This PhD thesis explores social (or communal) tenure - systems of rights. Social tenures are a feature of many Indigenous cultures, where land and resources are managed from a collectivist, rather than an individualist, standpoint. Māori society was traditionally based around territorial tribal living, with hapū (sub-tribes) controlling and defending particular territories. . .
Urban Regeneration and Social Cohesion
This report investigates the effectiveness of the Tāmaki Regeneration Company (TRC) project. Glen Innes was built in the 1950s, close to central Auckland, and was a primarily low socio-economic suburb, with a significant Māori population, living in State (social) housing. The TRC project saw Housing New Zealand Corporation and Auckland Council working together to replace 2,700 properties...
Assessing environmental sustainability outcomes at neighbourhood scale
This research focusses on assessing the environmental sustainability of neighbourhoods. It further develops and tests a framework for post occupancy evaluation of the planning and delivery of a neighbourhood’s environmental sustainability. The matrix developed to examine Hobsonville Point is the underpinning methodology. It categorises environmental performance measures...
Designing walkable future neighbourhoods: Considering diversity
Research about walkable neighbourhoods is commonly based on the notion of an adult able-bodied walker. However, people have different physical, social, cultural, emotional, and financial abilities and resources to navigate the neighbourhood landscape. This diversity should be recognised at design and planning stages, along with the recognition that the resident population of a neighbourhood is not static...
Suburban shopping malls as spaces for community health and human flourishing
As urbanization continues to increase, the focus of urban development needs to shift to the suburban if we are to create cities that offer places to flourish. Suburbanites are increasingly seeking greater opportunities for place attachment, community cohesion and identity. This paper examines the role of semi-public spaces (in this case shopping malls) in Aotearoa suburbs...
Soft infrastructure for hard times
In this report, the researchers present seven case studies looking at various initiatives for rebuilding after the Canterbury earthquake sequence of 2020-2021. They range from community-led projects through to more hybrid approaches, to state-led examples. Though many of the organisations involved were active before the earthquakes, their activities, purpose or way of operating. . .
Te Ao Māori and Water Sensitive Urban Design
This report complements ‘Activating Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) for healthy, resilient communities’ research that aims to enhance capability and to address current barriers to the uptake of WSUD. It explores how WSUD in Aotearoa New Zealand values, recognises, and provides for Te Ao Māori and how it could do better. It shares experiences and knowledge of the authors to help integrate Māori. . .
An expanded wellbeing framework and urban science data tool for integrated wellbeing
This paper asks how an indigenous-Māori cultural perspective might expand wellbeing discourse with positive effect for wellbeing-led governance. It attends to mauri ora as an indigenous wellbeing construct. For Māori, ora is life, health, and wellbeing, while mauri is that interpenetrating life force which is “immanent in all things, knitting and bonding them together” as a life-field. . .
Understanding Costs and Maintenance of WSUD in New Zealand
Water sensitive urban design (WSUD) is often perceived as an expensive option for stormwater management in both the long and short term. This research looks at the implications of the National Policy Statement for Freshwater Management on the costs of WSUD and explores drivers and misconceptions around cost and maintenance. It also investigates the cost burden across the full life cycle. . .
Study trip to Melbourne, November 2018 - Findings: Activating WSUD for healthy...
Australia has substantial experience in Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD), Melbourne is home to Australia’s Co-operative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities (CRCWSC) as well as agencies that have world-leading experience in the implementation of WSUD. A team of three researchers visited Melbourne in November 2018. As well as meeting researchers and practitioners from. . .
Recommendations for future research: Activating WSUD for healthy resilient communities
Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) is an alternative to conventional forms of urban development, integrating urban planning and water management to better manage, for example, water supply security, water quality in natural waterbodies, flood risk, and amenity values of waterbodies. The ‘Activating WSUD for healthy, resilient communities’ research programme initially focused on a series of. . .
Wellbeing-led, home-based energy infrastructures and low emissions transport
This think piece explores energy strategies and policy in relation to its generation, usage patterns, and outputs, all within a holistic wellbeing-led framework. The piece emphasises a home-focused energy approach that considers housing, local energy generation and storage, and electric vehicles as a circular zero carbon ecosystem. The researchers investigate a low-carbon Tāmaki Makaurau...
Exploring Papakāinga: A Kaupapa Māori quantitative methodology
This paper offers a strategy for gathering and analysing large-scale data. The aim is to understand how Māori might better fulfil aspirations for the designing, financing, and building of housing, as well as perceptions of housing and papakāinga, and the contribution this has to Māori wellbeing. The researchers say a study of this kind will contribute new knowledge and better understanding of Māori...
The disruptive mobility and the potential for land reclamation
This working paper investigates the potential for land reclamation based on the deployment of disruptive mobility in Auckland’s CBD and ten other metropolitan areas. It assumes shared electric autonomous vehicles (SEAVs) will be the dominant transport system in the near future, that this would reduce the demands for car parking, and that existing open and covered car parking can be reclaimed for urban needs...
Living at density in Hobsonville Point, Auckland: Resident perceptions
Over half of residential development in Auckland now involves attached housing types such as terraces and apartments. This working paper presents residents’ perceptions of living at higher density in Hobsonville Point. Despite being 2-3 times the density of a typical suburb, respondents in the survey express a reasonably high level of satisfaction with their dwelling design, and the relationships with their neighbours...
Assessing the full benefits of WSUD: Activating WSUD for healthy resilient communities
The potential benefits of water sensitive urban design (WSUD) usually include better hydrology and water quality and healthier aquatic ecosystems. However, assessments of the benefits of WSUD that focus solely on these water-related outcomes are incomplete in scope. WSUD has the potential to deliver a wide range of other environmental and social co-benefits. This paper suggests WSUD should be. . .
An investigation of alternative funding...Activating WSUD for healthy resilient communities
There are significant challenges in securing funds for stormwater managers to address the costs of operating and maintaining desired levels of service, and for planning future growth while meeting community aspirations for the quality of the environment. This report documents Aotearoa New Zealand and Australian case studies and also highlights commonalities and lessons learnt. . .
The ‘More than Water’ WSUD Assessment Tool
This report describes the More Than Water (MTW) assessment tool, developed for evaluating the benefits and costs of Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) projects. The name of the tool reflects the notion that WSUD can deliver multiple co-benefits and cost-related advantages, in addition to more familiar considerations associated with management of the hydrological and water quality effects. . .
Waimakariri Way: Community engagement in Kaiapoi Town Centre Plan
Waimakariri District Council’s Kaiapoi Town Centre Plan is part of a broader recovery - and now regeneration - process for Kaiapoi following the 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquakes. The Council employed a number of innovative and interactive tools and engagement strategies in order to facilitate public participation in the process. These tools and strategies reflect a ‘community-based’ logic. . .
The disruptive mobility and the future of our neighbourhoods
This paper looks at the characteristics of disruptive mobility. This includes three intertwined technological trends: automation, electrification, and smart shared mobility. The research investigates the potential positive and adverse impacts of disruptive mobility on urban form and the built environment in the future. It recommends planners and urban designers engage more with disruptive mobility...
Te Aranga Māori Design Principles
Te Aranga Māori Design Principles were developed by Māori design professionals as a response to the New Zealand Urban Design Protocol in 2005. Over time the principles have been developed and adopted by the Auckland Council with the support of Ngā Aho. This article asks landscape architect graduate Jacqueline Paul (Ngāti Kahungunu, Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Tūwharetoa), and landscape architect William Hatton...
Concepts of Neighbourhood: A Review of the Literature
This report looks at why the concept of neighbourhood is important. Key ideas include neighbourhood planning (development, growth, and transit-oriented development), neighbourhood units and boundaries, neighbourhood walkability, neighbourhood (and in some cases residential) satisfaction, and neighbourhood change. Studies that look at both location and sociological factors will...
Post-Occupancy Evaluation of neighbourhoods: A review of the literature
This report provides an overview of the application of Post-Occupancy Evaluation at the neighbourhood scale, focusing on environmental performance and liveability. Post-Occupancy Evaluation is a useful way of confirming the actual performance of the built environment. The researchers present the main international and national methodologies and examples. Existing assessment and certification...
Unlocking transport innovation: A sociotechnical perspective of the logics of transport...
This paper investigates the architecture of decision-making that influences delivery and outcomes of urban environments. It uses the case study of a new style of pedestrian crossing proposed for Massey Road in Mangere, Auckland. Local traffic concerns impeding walking and cycling were identified through a community engagement process. A neighbourhood-scale intervention was designed...
1. Autonomous vehicles and future urban environments: Exploring implications for. . .
This think piece presents four scenarios of autonomous vehicle adoption and then present some of the potential impacts on travel behaviour, urban form, and wellbeing, with a particular focus on ageing populations. The scenarios range between an axis from high and low automation and an axis from hyper and collaborative consumption. Although there is a wealth of accumulated knowledge. . .
Novel wastewater processing: Impact on our cities, infrastructure and society
Push a button or pull a chain, our toilet waste disappearing out of sight is the last time most of us ever think about what goes down our drains. But an intricate infrastructure system takes care of our wastewater. Civil engineers, town planners and wastewater treatment experts are busy maintaining pipes and plant, coping with increasing demand, and disposing of the end products. . .
Medium-density dwellings in Auckland and the building regulations
National thermal standards have historically been set to minimise winter heating energy in detached houses. It is uncertain whether these standards are optimal for the increasing number of joined, medium-density dwellings when summer and winter conditions are considered. Using freely available software, annual heating energy use and summertime peak...
Remaking community: Building principles of communal tenure into contemporary housing
Models of land administration often promote a more individualised, Western-style of tenure. The dangers are that Māori values might become diluted or even lost in this transition as social responsibilities become divorced from land rights. Recognising this, planners of some Māori land development projects have sought to reintroduce key communal or socially-based tenure principles to the planning equation...
Activating water sensitive urban design for healthy resilient communities - Discovery phase
This report describes the findings of Phase 1 of the ‘Activating Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) for healthy, resilient communities project’ and makes recommendations for research activities in Phase 2. The researchers find there is a need to review management of the urban water cycle in New Zealand. Specifically, the capacity of current approaches to meet the reasonably foreseeable future. . .
2. Four plausible scenarios for transport in New Zealand in 2048
This research focuses on four scenarios designed to trigger debate about plausible future transport systems. The research used workshops, discussion, and stakeholder consultation to develop four scenarios between two uncertainty axes (automation and consumption). The four scenarios are: Custom Cocoons, Mode Nomads, Amped Autos, and Active Scouts. Fundamentally, it asks. . .
3. Autonomous vehicles and future urban environments: Exploring changing travel. . .
It has been widely claimed that autonomous vehicles will support the mobility of older adults. However, complex interactions between demographics, transport systems, the built environment, and health and wellbeing mean that outcomes are far from certain. Policy makers need to decide what outcomes they want from mobility futures and to identify how best to achieve those outcomes with the resources...
4. Initial scan of policy/issues relevant to autonomous vehicle development and deployment
This document supports forward-planning, additional research initiatives, and public consultation by transport officials and other relevant stakeholders by summarizing a pilot policy scan of national autonomous vehicle regulation and initiatives. It explores concerns influencing contemporary government policies. Three are shared internationally: safety and ethics, liability and insurance, and policy for ageing...
Urban Wā Kāinga: Integrating and embedding Te Aranga and Kaupapa Māori into communities
‘Urban’ is defined in relation to the characteristics of a town or city. ‘Wa Kainga’ in Māori is also known as a home. In a wider context papakainga is also used generally in the sense of traditionally Māori village-type living which has been integrated into more modern-day living. This research project aims to explore the potential of papakainga or wa kainga and understand how it can contribute...
Exploring Te Aranga design principles in Tāmaki
Te Aranga Design Principles are a cultural landscape strategy/approach to design thinking and making which incorporates a series of Māori cultural values and principles. This study strives towards a better understanding of the principles, and how they apply in developing policy and design for residential development in the Tāmaki Area. This study also suggests how the principles can be embedded...
Can higher density enhance liveability?
A magazine article examining higher-density housing in Auckland. Higher-density housing requires quality urban development to deliver liveable, walkable communities. A National Science Challenge-funded survey in Auckland showed this is what people want from where they live. Associating enhanced liveability with higher density at first glance seems illogical. In the early part...
Does higher density housing enhance liveability? Case studies of housing in Auckland
This paper examines how liveability is enhanced in intensified suburban contexts. Three case study areas in Auckland were used: Albany, New Lynn, and Onehunga. Key reasons for moving into higher-density housing were opportunities to form social networks, affordability, and proximity to schools, shopping, public transport, and employment. The research also examined walkability and car...