Urban Wā Kāinga: Integrating and embedding Te Aranga and Kaupapa Māori into communities

Jacqueline Paul

Abstract – Tuhinga Whakarāpopoto

‘Urban’ is defined in relation to the characteristics of a town or city. ‘Wa Kainga’ in Māori is also known as a home. In a wider context papakainga is also used generally in the sense of traditionally Māori village-type living which has been integrated into more modern-day living. This research project aims to explore the potential of papakainga or wa kainga and understand how it can contribute to developing our current and future cities. How might this more sustainable model change the way we live and create that cultural shift within the built and natural environment but also people?

Other reports associated with this research

Kake, J. & Paul, J. (2018). Evaluating the application of Māori design principles to urban neighbourhood development projects to develop a Kaupapa Māori design framework and assessment tools. Paper prepared for 2018 Urbanism New Zealand Conference, 12pgs. Wellington: BBHTC.

Paul, J. (2017). Exploring Te Aranga design principles in Tāmaki. Report for Building Better Homes, Towns and Cities Urban Wellbeing: Shaping Places: Future Neighbourhoods, 10pgs. Wellington: BBHTC.

Paul, J. & Hatton, W. (2018). Te Aranga Māori Design Principles. Article for Landscape Architecture Aotearoa. Auckland: New Zealand Institute of Landscape Architects.

Paul, J. & Kake, J. (2018). ICOMOS 2018: Post conference overview. Reflections report for BBHTC on ICOMOS 2018 conference, Culture: Conserving it Together, Suva, Fiji, 1- 5 October 2018.

Articles associated with this research – Karere Tūhono

Media article: Te Aranga Māori Design Principles

18 September 2018: Landscape architect graduate Jacqueline Paul (Ngāti Kahungunu, Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Tūwharetoa), from the Shaping Places: Future Neighbourhoods team, and landscape architect William Hatton (Ngāti Kahungunu, Rongomaiwahine, Rangitāne, Ngāti Raukawa, Muaūpoko) write on Te Aranga Māori Design Principles developed by the Auckland Council in conjunction with mana whenua to provide practical guidance for designers shaping the city’s built environment. >> Read More

News: Cultural landscape approach to design at ICOMOS

31 October 2018: Integrating Kaupapa Māori and Te Aranga design principles into design processes was the theme of a paper presented by Building Better researchers Jacqueline Paul and Jade Kake at the ICOMOS 2018 conference in Suva, Fiji. >> Read More

Keywords – Kupu Hāngai

Te Aranga Design Principles, Māori, papakāinga, community engagement, urban development, urban design

Fields of Research – Āpure Rangahau

Māori; Te Aranga Design; Landscape Architecture; Urban Development; Urban Planning


Date – Te Wā Whakarewa



Type – Te Auaha

BLA (Hons) Thesis

Citation – Kupu Hautoa

Paul, J. (2017). Urban Wā Kāinga: Integrating and embedding Te Aranga and Kaupapa Māori into communities. Negotiated study, Bachelor of Landscape Architecture (Hons), 111pgs. Auckland: Unitec.