Modelling inter-urban migration in an open population setting: The case of New Zealand

Omoniyi Alimi; David Maré; Jacques Poot

Abstract – Tuhinga Whakarāpopoto

In this book chapter, BBHTC researchers examine the modelling of gross inter-urban migration flows in Aotearoa New Zealand. They identify a range of geographic, demographic, economic, and climatic characteristics of urban areas, which are statistically significant determinants of migration. The researchers argue that in a small but open population such as New Zealand (in which one quarter of the resident population is foreign born and one sixth of the New Zealand-born population lives abroad), inter-urban migration should be modelled jointly with rural-urban and international migration. They estimate a modified gravity model of migration in which the flow matrix is augmented with rural-urban and international migration. Migration data are obtained from four successive population censuses since 1996.

Other reports associated with this research

Maré, D. & Poot, J. (2019). Commuting to diversity. Motu Working Paper 19-20 for Building Better Homes, Towns and Cities: Thriving Regions. November 2019, 35pgs. Wellington: Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.

Keywords – Kupu Hāngai

migration, internal migration, international migration, gravity model, diversity, population demographics, community

Fields of Research – Āpure Rangahau

Geography; Urban Studies; Population Demographics


Date – Te Wā Whakarewa



Type – Te Auaha

Book Chapter

Citation – Kupu Hautoa

Alimi, O.B., Maré, D., & Poot, J. (2019). Modelling inter-urban migration in an open population setting: The case of New Zealand. In: Franklin R. (Ed), Population, Place, and Spatial Interaction. New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives (pp 201-223), vol 40. Singapore: Springer.