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Rehousing Tauranga Maori 1935–72. (Wai 215, #A41).

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Waitangi Tribunal., ,

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In this Waitangi Tribunal report, Nightingale examines the housing conditions and policies affecting the Māori population in Tauranga from 1935 to 1972, with a particular focus on land development and marae.

The report outlines how the state facilitated rehousing of the Māori in Tauranga during the post-war period and discusses the consequences of rapid urban growth, which led to the incorporation of rural marae into the borough. This change necessitated adaptation due to new governance under the borough’s systems. The Town and Country Planning Act of 1953 and its subsequent modifications had significant impacts on Māori development and marae planning. The report addresses the evolution of legislation affecting Māori land, particularly in relation to urban zoning and rate increases, which led to challenges in maintaining land ownership. Most Māori freehold land owners found that the regime in the scheme did not adequately allow them to develop their lands. Also, as the report notes, marae moved from being living centres of population, to institutions that were occupied less intensively. The report also contains a number of case studies that drill down into specific details.

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