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Maori and European

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The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 61(1/2), 136-155.

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The paper explores the historical interactions and cultural dynamics between Māori and European settlers during the mid-20th century.

It is grounded in ethnographic research and archival sources, providing an examination of the social, economic, and cultural exchanges. Sutherland delves into the impact of European colonisation on Māori society, analysing changes in traditional practices, power dynamics, and intercultural relationships.
The article contributes insights into the complexities of cultural contact and adaptation, shedding light on the transformations experienced by Māori communities. In particular, Sutherland provides a demographic overview of the Māori population, examining birth and death rates, population distribution, ‘racial blending’, tribal attributes, employment, education, and housing. On housing the paper explains, that there has been a noteworthy improvement in Māori housing, not limited to land development and farming.
Māori homes had been provided under favourable terms, it continues, leading to a steady increase in construction. State rental houses had also been allocated in North Island cities, causing some neighbour tension. This housing progress, along with other initiatives, aimed to enhance Māori health and complement educational efforts.
Despite challenges in infant mortality and tuberculosis, the Department of Māori Affairs has strengthened its building organisation. Māori carpenters, trained through rehabilitation schemes, contribute to construction projects, including collaborations with the Education Department for Māori schools. While containing some useful information the paper is a product of its age and aside from the problematic language it is also analytically limited because of these biases.

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